acoustic electric guitar vs acoustic

Acoustic Vs Acoustic Electric Guitars – Main Differences

There comes a time in the life of a guitarist when you want to get your hands on an acoustic. Maybe you’re looking to hone your skills or just driven by curiosity. Either way, you want the next piece of gear you buy to be the best acoustic guitar for the money.

The main difference between an acoustic guitar and an acoustic electric guitar is that an acoustic-electric has pickups and can plug it into an amplifier. An acoustic guitar produces the sound through the soundhole.

That’s great, but what type are you planning to get? Acoustics come in two forms: the traditional acoustic guitar and the relatively-modern best acoustic electric guitar. Let’s look at each of them in detail to help you choose the right type of acoustic for your strumming needs. We have a great list of intermediate player acoustics as well.

Which Is Better For A Beginner Guitarist?

There isn’t much difference between these two types of guitar options for a beginner. Both will work fine for your first few years of playing. If you’re starting, I recommend just getting something in your price range. Don’t worry about spending too much if you don’t know exactly how much you’ll need. You can always upgrade later.

If you do decide to go with an acoustic over an acoustic electric, keep in mind that most acoustic guitarists start off learning to play acoustic before they know to use amplification. This means that you should think about buying a good-quality acoustic guitar, to begin with.

You may find yourself wanting to switch from one acoustic guitar to another after some time. There are many reasons to consider switching from an acoustic to an acoustic electric. Some people like the feel better than others and may prefer the tone of an acoustic electric guitar. Others may not care for the larger size of an acoustic guitar.

Deconstructing the Acoustic Guitar

It’s the grandfather of the pack, the guitar that gave birth to all the types we have today. The acoustic guitar oozes so much pedigree that it’ll fit into any context, be it a punk rock anthem or classical concerto. And while it was once thought that its younger siblings — specifically the electric — could drive it to oblivion, acoustics remain as popular as ever. This is mainly because only they can offer the tones and sound in its purest form; crisp, clear, and unadulterated by electronic wizardry.

A standard acoustic comprises a set of strings that vibrate above a hollow chamber on the main body. These vibrations are picked up by the body’s topside and transmitted into the chamber (now you know where the word ‘pickup comes from). Once they’re inside, the air enclosed by the instrument’s body also begins to vibrate, magnifying the sound. And that’s how acoustics can produce audible sound without external amplification.

What’s important to note is that all these vibrations (on the strings, air, and topside) occur at different frequencies. The result is that some overtones are amplified more strongly than others, influencing the guitar’s projection. However, the body’s top side (AKA soundboard) holds the most significant influence over the tones. On the one hand, its large surface area can capture more energy from the vibrations than the strings would by themselves. It also offers an efficient route for the sound and tones getting into the chamber (you’ll recall that solids are better at transmitting sound than air).

Now it’s easy to understand why woods are of such significance in acoustics. An ax can sound bright, dark, complete, or thin depending on what woods were used for its body, neck, and fretboard. Also, woods lack the homogeneity of, say, metal or plastic; two samples of the same species can sound differently, depending on where they were derived. And that’s before you bring in the solid vs laminate debate!

The Acoustic-Electric Guitar in Detail

Acoustic-electric, or electric-acoustic guitars (or sometimes called the electro acoustic); it doesn’t matter what you call them. Both terms refer to the same thing, which is an acoustic guitar equipped with a pickup system. This works pretty much like a microphone, capturing the instrument’s sound and sending it into an amplifier and loudspeaker in that order. It’s worth noting that pickups are designed to capture vibrations rather than sound. However, guitars with nylon strings have their pickups paired with built-in mics — standard pickups only work with metal strings. Whatever the case, electric-acoustics need a preamp to amplify the captured signal before it’s sent elsewhere. An inbuilt battery usually powers this preamp, and manufacturers take advantage of this to provide onboard tonal controls and EQ.

Before proceeding any further, it’s important to clarify that semi-acoustic guitars don’t fall within the acoustic electric family. Both use onboard pickup systems, but semi-acoustics are quality electric guitars through and through. They have hollow bodies to give them specific acoustic instrument sound properties.

Comparing the Acoustic vs Acoustic Electric Guitar

Similarities Between Acoustic And Acoustic-Electric

Time to stack the two side by side and see how they compare. Let’s start with the similarities; there are certain aspects that both acoustic axes and their electric-acoustic counterparts have in common. These include:

  • Construction and materials: As we’ve already seen, an electric-acoustic instrument is nothing more than an acoustic ax that’s been fitted with a pickup system, either by the music manufacturer or player (yes, you too have that option). In the former case, you’ll often find acoustics and electric-acoustics variants of the same model, featuring the same design and body materials.
  • Strings: While electrics require unique strings, acoustics and electric-acoustics have no problem sharing — Guitar players can string them with identical sets with no problems whatsoever.
  • The ability to play unplugged: Much like a regular acoustic, an electric-acoustic can be played without plugging into an amp, and the tones still are heard.
  • Cost: Digits may vary here and there, but acoustics and acoustic-electric guitars are usually priced in the same bracket. Do keep in mind that pricing varies with features, quality, etc.

Differences Between Acoustic And Acoustic-Electric

Now let’s delve into the differences:

  • Amplification: Or, instead, the ability to plug into an amp or effects chain; this is only possible with acoustic-electric axes.
  • Cutaway: Modern electric-acoustics are beginning to depart from their traditional cousins with cutaway bodies. For all the playability it offers, a cutaway body changes the character of a guitar’s sound, reducing volume and resonance. But the difference only becomes evident when you play unplugged.
  • Size: To continue on the above point, size isn’t as big a concern with electric-acoustics as with standard acoustic guitars. And the reason is simple; the former needn’t be huge to be loud.
  • Portability: Acoustics take the prize here — there’s no need to lug around extra gear when you want to travel with your guitar. With an acoustic-electric, you’ll have to find room for guitar patch cables and amplifiers in your case. Not to forget your effects chain if you’ll want to use it.

The Takeaway

It’s hard to discount the charm of a traditional acoustic, a guitar that’s designed to sing entirely with its own body. A guitar you can trust to sound incredible every time with no need to tweak your effects chain. And being devoid of electronic components, an acoustic guitar is less delicate than its electric-acoustic cousin.

However, there will probably be a time when you want to amplify your sound for a live performance — an electric-acoustic seems like a more prudent choice in that case. It gives you most of the qualities of a standard acoustic, but with the added versatility of having an in-built pickup for amplification.